Volume 3 | Issue 1

 

Here are all articles of first session of 2016-2017 submission year (Volume 3/Issue 1). You can see all published volumes here: Archive


1. The Application of International Law,
Morality, and Public Policy to the Elgin Marbles Dispute.
– Timothy Caron

In the past century, the former imperial powers of Europe have been subjected to countless calls for repatriation of cultural property. Perhaps the most famed of these disputes lies between the United Kingdom and Greece. In the early 19th century, a British ambassador situated in Ottoman-era Athens removed a considerable amount of ancient works from the city’s historic Parthenon site, and these objects (the “Elgin Marbles”) found their way into permanent exhibition at London’s British Museum. Since the establishment of an independent Greek state, its people have routinely called for the return of this property to its place of origin – a request continually denied by British authorities. Given the durability of this particular dispute, the fame surrounding the works themselves, and the progression of international law, the Elgin Marbles will likely remain at the forefront of cultural heritage and foreign relations discussions through the next few decades. Today, the Greeks have several options (legal and otherwise) with which to try and get the property back. In order to make a strong prediction of the dispute’s future developments, this paper will apply to the relevant facts not only common principles of international law, but also morality, historicism, and the growing trend of voluntary cultural repatriation in diplomatic relations.



2. More is Better? Overcompensation in
Takings in China.
– Gao Zhen

Nowadays, there is hardly no country holds the doctrine of absolute property right in practice, especially when facing conflicts between public interests and private property rights. As to takings, more and more academic discussions focus on the “public interest” goal and the fair compensation standard instead of the legitimacy of the “takings” concept itself. Takings in China are really noteworthy for their extraordinary large scale and its relationship with the country’s rapid economic development. And what’s more interesting is that compared to the stereotype of takings as damage to property rights, Chinese people have more complicated attitudes towards takings since potential windfalls and violent conflicts co-exist in this process. Many lower class people even view the compensations of takings as their best way, if not the only one, to improve their living standards in short time. This paper intends to introduce the compensations of takings in China and explain the inner political economy logic briefly.


3. Legal Basis of the Responsibility of a State to
Protect Its Population in International Law.
– Liubashenko Viacheslav Igorovych

The modern international law based on the assumption that a state is a sovereign unit but with certain limitations to action inside and outside state. The responsibility to protect is one of those limitations towards actions of a state inside national borders. The article analyzes first pillar of the concept – the responsibility of a state to protect its own population from genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and crimes against humanity – and embodies analysis of relevant documents of the international law: the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide 1948, the Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid 1973, and the Geneva Conventions. The Author determines the structure of the responsibility of a state to protect its own population: (1) positive obligation, that can be described through the obligation for positive development of the national legislation as to the sphere of the responsibility to protect, the obligation to prosecute criminals responsible for international crimes, the obligation to cooperate in case of crimes prevention, and (2) the common negative obligation of a state to refrain from committing international crimes. Also, the Author concludes that the duty of a state to accept humanitarian aid from the international community does not exist legally.

 


4. Enforcement of Investment Arbitration Awards:
Problems and Solutions.
– Kamal Huseynli

International investment arbitration is one of the main dispute resolution methods among investors and host states. It provides investors with a non-political way to obtain awards and enforce them. However, in the enforcement stage they experience some problems based on both international and national rules. Nowadays, different solutions are applied to avoid those problems and provide smooth enforcement of arbitral awards. In this article, the problems of enforcement of investment arbitration awards and solutions of those problems are analyzed based on the current statutory rules and practices. Although it is concluded that the current solutions are usually sufficient for avoiding of problems of enforcement, in order to avoid those problems entirely, especially the problem arising from State immunity bar of host states, the author suggests; adding provision on waiver of sovereign immunity from execution into both the ICSID Convention and the New York Convention; pursuing a negotiation of a post-award settlement.


5. Sübutetmə standartı Azərbaycan mülki prosessual məhkəmə təcrübəsində (sübutların qiymətləndirməsi standartı).
– Emin Kərimov

Son dövrlərdə prosessual hüquqda sübutetmə standartı anlayışının geniş şəkildə istifadə olunması Azərbaycan mülki prosessual təcrübəsində də öz əksini tapmışdır. Məhz məqalədə əsas etibarilə sübutetmə standartı anlayışı, məhkəmənin həqiqətin müəyyən edilməsində rolu, sübutetmə standartına anqlo-sakson və kontinental hüquq mövqeyindən yanaşma, “sərbəst daxili inam” anlayışı, obyektiv sübutetmə standartında zəruriyyət, Avropa İnsan Hüquqları Məhkəməsinin təcrübəsində sübutetmə standartının Azərbaycan prosessual hüququna təsiri məsələləri ətraflı şəkildə araşdırılmışdır.


6. Qlobal dünyaya yeni perspektiv: Elektron hökumət və onun hüquqi məzmunu.
– Kənan Mədətli

Elektron hökumət sistemi qloballaşan dünyada dövlətlərin öz əhalisi üçün müəyyən etdikləri və əsasən, çeviklik və şəffaflıq prinsipinə dayanaraq ərsəyə gətirdikləri bir sistemdir. Ümumiyyətlə, dövlət-cəmiyyət arasında mövcud olan münasibətlərin daha da inkişaf edərək bir növ “yeni eraya” qədəm qoymasında məhz elektron hökumət sisteminin rolu əhəmiyyətli dərəcədə böyükdür. Bu baxımdan məqalədə elektron hökumətin hüquqi əsasları həm beynəlxalq, həm müxtəlif dövlətlərin, həm də Azərbaycan Respublikası qanunvericiliyi aspektlərindən müəyyən edilmiş və mövzu üzrə ətraflı şəkildə araşdırma aparılmışdır.

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